In the Virgilian Hades, by contrast, the tortured souls become even more pitiful by virtue of their exposure to the public eye: But what really makes Aeneas a more glorious hero than Odysseus is what he sees with Anchises.
Odysseus may not be able to meet his father in the Underworld because he is still at home, on his farm, mourning for Odysseus and, if Homer did indeed compose Book 24 of the Odyssey, then Odysseus must meet him and there finish the reconciliation that must take place for the poem to be rounded off successfully.
To get in Hell, both men have to make sacrifices.
The imagery in Virgil's version of the man's Virgil vs homer in underworld is so much more violent, so much more vile, that it must be seen as a reaction by the ephebe against his own powerful predecessor; instead of submitting willfully to the stories told by Homer, he reforms them, making them abrasive and unheroic, attempting to belittle the Homeric tales by setting up his own version of them.
Upon the finish of the god of fire's creations, the poets soon followed with a detailed description of the shields, an ekphrasis. This is why Aeneas has to be a greater hero in every way to Odysseus, because he will live a greater after life in the Elysian Fields with Anchises and his descendents will rule the world until the end of time.
Interestingly, however, the figures which come to view in the Odyssey, despite a general lack of background environment, are portrayed much more as separate individuals: For Aeneas, the sacrifices are like a key, he opens the door and walks through Hell.
Nowhere is this clearer than in Book 6.
The Odyssey is a book about a man, and fate, the gods, greatness, heroism, hubris, religion and all the other themes of the book only come into it to tell his story — they are the accompaniment to the melody of his life.
Stories within a Story[ edit ] The concept of a character narrating a story within the current story, providing subsequent layers, is seen in both the Aeneid and the Odyssey, more specifically the story of the heroes' journey up until that point in time, since both epics start in medias resin the middle of things.
The difference in the stories however, also highlights the differences between the heroes. This shows that to Homer, motherhood and being a wife were important values of the day, and women who were good at them would be valued.
To get in Hell, both men have to make sacrifices. There were also other differences. This, it would seem, shows that Vergil did not have a very high opinion of women, or at least their roles were or very low status in his world. Another significant difference that can be seen in the cataloging of lost souls set out by Virgil and Homer is the different approach the two have to the ordering of their worlds.
Aeneas sees the souls of women who had died for love, and even more importantly, meets Dido. In Virgil, we see an almost obsessive categorization: She will not speak to him, and runs away.
In the Aeneid, Aeneas was guided to the underworld by the Sibyl. He tries to embrace her three times, and three times he folds his arms about nothing but air and begs her not to withdraw from his grasp. This is again a piece of propaganda showing that the Trojans were defeated by fate, not the Greeks.
If their lives were tormented i. This, it would seem, shows that Vergil did not have a very high opinion of women, or at least their roles were or very low status in his world. For Homer, there is comparatively little ritual: Odysseus slaughters the sacrifice and promises his best heifer to the dead, then simply calls up the lost souls and converses with them.
The world of Hades for Homer is far more a dreamland, topologically undefined, while Virgil has in mind an earth-like but twisted vista, well-defined in its geographical features. Indeed, these creatures are living out their punishments purely for themselves; although seen by Odysseus, they are never "on display" in the way that Virgil's figures are.Odysseus and Aeneas both visit the Underworld; in Odysseus' case, in Book XII of Homer's Odyssey, and in Aeneas' case, in Book VI of Virgil's Aeneid.
In discussing the differences between the two treatments of the Underworld episodes, it is imporcant to first outline the similarities in the two.
Odysseus and Aeneas both visit the Underworld; in Odysseus' case, in Book XII of Homer's Odyssey, and in Aeneas' case, in Book VI of Virgil's Aeneid. In discussing the differences between the two treatments of the Underworld episodes, it is imporcant to first outline the similarities in the two.
Virgil’s description of the Underworld was a lot more detailed in the Aeneid then the description that Homer gave in the Odyssey. There were also other differences.
In the Aeneid, Aeneas was guided to the underworld by the Sibyl. In the Odyssey, Odysseus sailed up to the shore and proceeded alone. Virgil vs.
Homer in Underworld Essay How does Virgil deviate from Homer in the underworld, and why? When comparing “The Aeneid” to “The Odyssey”, it is impossible not to notice the similarity between Homer and Virgil's poems. Com pare the visits to the Underworld by Odysseus and Aeneas.
How does each poet explain the meaning of life and death? What values are important to Homer, and what are important to Vergil?.
The visits of both these heroes to the Underworld come almost exactly in the middle of the poems. Among the host of ways Virgil modifies and develops Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, the changes wrought to the underworld are arguably the most substantial.
A complex geography forms of punishment.Download